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November 2011Effective Grading Practices
7 PerspectivesWhat We Learn from GradesMarge Scherer
10 Starting the Conversation About GradingSusan M. Brookhart At the heart of the matter: What are the purposes of grading?
16 Five Obstacles to Grading Reform Thomas R. GuskeyHow to surmount the tyranny of tradition and bring thoughtful change to an established practice.
22 Redos and Retakes Done RightRick WormeliWhy allowing retakes is worth the trouble and practical tips for managing them.
28 The Case Against Grades Alfie KohnWe should abolish all grades as antithetical to learning, the author argues.
34 Grades That Show What Students KnowRobert J. Marzano and Tammy Heflebower Four best practices for schools that want to implement a standards-based grading system.
40 Reporting Student LearningKen O’Connor and Rick WormeliProblems with--and practices for--making grading accurate, consistent, and meaningful.
46 No Penalties for PracticeDouglas Fisher, Nancy Frey, and Ian Pumpian An urban secondary school refines its intervention efforts by focusing on competencies.
52 Creating Student-Friendly Tests Spencer J. SalendHow to improve teacher-made tests—from writing clearer directions to organizing test items.
60 Making Homework Central to LearningCathy VatterottWell-designed homework can help students master content and do well on assessments.
66 How Grading Reform Changed Our SchoolJeffrey A. Erickson A faculty decides that protocols for late work, retests, and evaluating nonacademic factors should be the same for all.
72 How I Broke My Rule and Learned to Give RetestsMyron Dueck A history teacher recounts how he helped his students answer the familiar question, “How am I doing?”
76 Taking the Grading Conversation PublicDouglas B. Reeves How to reframe the debate to encourage feedback and garner support for meaningful change.
Columns / Departments
8 Double TakeReviews, research, and relevant reads.
80 Research Says… Grade Inflation: Killing with Kindness?Bryan GoodwinToday’s high school grades are not what they once were.
82 Art and Science of TeachingRobert J. MarzanoThought Experiments in the ClassroomUse thought experiments to explore cause and correlation
84 Principal ConnectionThose Plates Are Hot!Thomas R. HoerrTips from folks at the pancake house.
86 One to Grow OnFinding Your Grading CompassCarol Ann Tomlinson Some hard-earned conclusions about what grades should reflect.
88 Book ReviewThe Same Thing Over and Over: How School Reformers Get Stuck in Yesterday’s Ideas by Frederick M. HessReviewed by Dina Strasser Look up any concept in this book, and you can be sure it will come under heavy fire.
90 Tell Me About… A Time When Grades Were Motivating—or NotFind readers’ stories, and contribute your own response to an upcoming question.
92 Index to Advertisers
96 ASCD Community in ActionNews and resources from ASCD.
Big Changes in a Small SchoolAbbi Roehrborn, Rhonda Opelt, and Chad HansonThree teachers together revamp their tests to reward mastery.
The Case of the Illogical GradesLissa PijanowskiA Georgia district coordinates a differentiated grading system for elementary, middle, and high school students.
How I Overhauled Grading as UsualLaurie AmundsonA math teacher transforms her assessment system and finds that her students learn more.
EL Study GuideTeresa Preston
Inservice Guest Blogger: Thomas R. Guskey [http://ascd.typepad.com/blog/educational_leadership/]
Watch This Spot!This month’s video clip from the PD Online course Formative Assessment: Deepening Understanding shows how a teacher guides students to self-assess their work.